Research

MagicAid is actively engaging in research activities investigating the application of magic-based therapeutic intervention to the field of medicine and healthcare. We have one active project, plan to initiate a new study in the coming months, and have many other planned projects for the future. We welcome interest from medical professionals seeking collaboration in conducting a research study involving magic therapeutic services.

Please contact our MagicAid Research Director, Harrison Pravder, at Harrison@magic-aid.org.

Latest Publication

Abstract from peer-reviewed article in Hospital Pediatrics – November 2019

TITLE

A Magic Therapy Program To Alleviate Anxiety in Pediatric Inpatients

 

AUTHORS

Harrison Pravder, Amanda Leng-Smith, Andrew Brash, David Elkin, Brooke Rose, Michael Attard, Catherine Messina, Maribeth Chitkara

 

OBJECTIVES

Hospitalization generates increased psychological discomfort for children and their caregivers. This anxiety can affect the patient-caretaker response to the health care team and the course of treatment. We aim to evaluate the impacts of a magic therapy program, organized and facilitated by medical students, on alleviating pediatric inpatient and caregiver anxiety.

 

METHODS

Patients aged 5 to 16 years admitted to an inpatient pediatric unit and their caregivers were eligible for inclusion. Patient-caregiver pairs were randomly assigned to a magic therapy intervention group or a control group. Anxiety was measured before and after the intervention by using validated self-report tools. The Facial Image Scale and Venham Picture Test were used to measure anxiety for young patients, the short State-Trait Anxiety Inventory and Facial Image Scale were used for older patients, and the short State-Trait Inventory was used for caregivers. A subset of the intervention group was reevaluated at 1 hour posttherapy. Health professionals were also surveyed regarding their opinions of the program.

 

RESULTS

One hundred patients and 90 caregivers were enrolled. The patient magic group’s standardized anxiety was reduced by 25% (n = 47; P < .001) posttherapy. The caregiver magic group’s anxiety was reduced by 24% (n = 34; P < .001). Data suggest that anxiety reductions lasted through at least 1 hour posttherapy. Physicians (n = 9), nurses (n = 8), and pediatric residents (n = 20) supported program continuance, reported favorable impressions, and suggested patient, caregiver, and staff benefits.

CONCLUSIONS

Integration of a magic therapy program into pediatric inpatient care was feasible and successful in decreasing patient and caretaker anxiety. Health care professionals support the program’s continuance.

Link to article: https://hosppeds.aappublications.org/content/early/2019/10/30/hpeds.2019-0212.

Publisher and copyright: American Academy of Pediatrics

Active Research

Development, evaluation, and impact of the MagicAid medical student interest group

Principal Investigator: Dr. Maribeth Chitkara, MD, Department of Pediatrics, Stony Brook Children’s Hospital

Enrollment: Up to 300 medical students

The first organized MagicAid student group was formed at Stony Brook School of Medicine in 2015. Since that time, the group has grown to include hundreds of medical students trained in magic therapy who have interacted with thousands of patients. The group is self-perpetuating with senior MagicAid medical students teaching younger students its techniques. The program has many goals for students, including: improvement of communication skills, development of empathic character, and early clinical contact. Most of these students engage their first patients as medical students within the context of a magic therapy session. They get introduced to the healthcare team and pivotal players, such as certified Child Life Specialists who are pivotal to the deliverance of pediatric healthcare. This project serves to evaluate the program as it stands today at our original site and to describe its successes and challenges.

Planned Research

Perioperative anxiety alleviation in anesthesiology

Title: The use of magic therapy to relieve perioperative anxiety in pediatric ambulatory surgery.

Planned Enrollment: 150 pediatric patients, aged 4-18 years old

Expected Initiation: 2020-2021

 

Just like patients in an inpatient pediatric hospital ward feel increased discomfort and anxiety, children undergoing surgery do as well - often to a greater extent. In this study, we will examinine the impacts of magic therapy in relieving perioperative anxiety. We are investigating if magic tricks performed by MagicAid-trained individuals are equally as effective as pre-operative sedation. A successful anxiety reduction could have major implications in cost reduction and improved outcomes in pediatric procedures.

Residency education and communication

Title: Bridging Magic and Medicine: Incorporating Magic Therapy into Resident Education

Principal Investigator: Dr. Sergey Motov, MD, Dept of Emergency Medicine, Maimonides Medical Center

Planned Enrollment: Up to 144 resident physicians (Pediatrics, Pediatric Dentistry, Emergency, Psychiatry)

Expected Initiation: 2020

 

Resident physicians often are the frontline medical providers in academic medical centers. Thus, it is of utmost importance for these young physicians to effectively communicate with patients and family members accurately, efficiently, and compassionately. In this project, we seek to assess the impacts of training resident physicians who take care of pediatric patients in the use of magic as a therapeutic intervention. We aim to detect any observable changes in the delivery of empathic healthcare. Study and improvement of magic therapy services provide an evidence-based approach to improve physician delivery of compassionate care, encourage pediatric patient psychological well-being, assist physicians in obtaining pediatric patient cooperation with procedures, and improve the hospitalization experience for patients and their caretakers.

Completed Research

Title: Magic therapy to relieve pediatric patient anxiety and improve the hospitalization experience.

Principal Investigator: Dr. Maribeth Chitkara, MD, Department of Pediatrics, Stony Brook Children’s Hospital

Enrollment: 100 pediatric patients, aged 5-16 years old; 90 caregivers; 37 healthcare professionals.

 

It is not uncommon for hospitalized children to feel increased anxiety and psychological discomfort during a hospitalization. In this ransomized single-blind study, we are examining if magic therapeutic interventions performed by MagicAid-trained medical students are effective in relieving patient and parent anxiety. We are also investigating which magic tricks are most effective. A successful anxiety reduction could provide indications for the use of magic therapeutic intervention in a wide range of medical settings and prior to procedures.

Publications:

1. ArticleA Magic Therapy Program To Alleviate Anxiety in Pediatric Inpatients (2019). Hospital Pediatrics

2. Poster/Abstract: A randomized, prospective study to evaluate the efficacy of a novel program in magic therapeutic intervention for pre-clinical medical students (2018). Presented at Council on Medical Student Education Annual Meeting, Denver, CO

3. Poster/Abstract: A randomized, prospective study to evaluate the efficacy of a novel program in magic therapy for pre-clinical medical students (2018). Pediatric Academic Societies Annual Meeting, Toronto, Canada

ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03308240

Future Endeavors

1. Applications of magic therapeutic intervention in the pediatric emergency department.

2. Effectiveness of MagicAid training and performance in molding compassionate medical students and physicians.

3. Success of magic therapy as an additional child life therapeutic intervention.

4. Methods of using magic therapeutic intervention in physical therapy and occupational therapy for improving motor function.

5. Using magic therapeutic intervention as a method of social skills therapy in children diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder.

1. ArticleBridging Magic and Medicine (2018). The Lancet. 391(10127), 1254-1255.

Additional Publications

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MagicAid Inc is a registered 501(c)(3) non-profit organization. All rights reserved.